Welcome all seeking refuge from low carb dogma!

“To kill an error is as good a service as, and sometimes even better than, the establishing of a new truth or fact”
~ Charles Darwin (it's evolutionary baybeee!)

Saturday, October 3, 2015

On Governments, Industries and Nutritional Science

This post will probably repeat some things I've said before.  But in light of recent events, and with controversy over the US 2015 Dietary Guidelines reaching fever pitch, I wanted to collect them in a semi-coherent summarized fashion.   Mostly I want to discuss the role of governments and industries in the evolution of what we know today as a science.  In many ways, a look back at the early Twentieth Century demonstrates how the more things change the more they stay the same.   Are we doomed to repeat past mistakes in the Twenty-First?

Monday, September 28, 2015

Change.Org Petition to The BMJ regarding Dietary Guidelines article by Nina Teicholz

Dear Readers, 

Won't you please join me in calling for The BMJ to retract The scientific report guiding the US dietary guidelines: it scientific? by Nina Teicholz. This petition is based heavily on concerns raised in my recent post:  Nina Teicholz Reports in the British Medical Journal ~ The Conflicts & Funding.

Also, I would greatly appreciate your sharing this petition in any way you feel is appropriate.  Here is a short link:
If you have any reservations about signing yourself, consider contacting Editor in chief Fiona Godlee and/or Head of investigations and features Rebecca Coombes directly. 

Thank You!

Call for The BMJ to retract Teicholz article on Dietary Guidelines Committee and Science

Sunday, September 27, 2015

Who Should Fund "Science"? Who Should Publish It?


Blogstress Note:
 I am working on the petition regarding The BMJ's disgraceful "hit piece" on the DGAC written by the equally disgraceful and scientifically incompetent Nina Teicholz.  What?  Too rough?   I had intended to cite this post, written roughly six months ago, because of who all was mentioned, etc.  Sometimes it's eerie!

BMJ Open Heart Journal Associate Editor
demonstrating his objectivity

The sponsorship by The Laura and John Arnold Foundation of an investigation by the clearly "partisan" Nina Teicholz now firmly cements that organization as a biased funding source.  Considering the amount of money that could be in play, their potential influence is becoming disconcerting.

Why did the Arnold Foundation pay Nina Teicholz to write an "investigative report" attacking the DGAC members, and why did The BMJ commission and publish this report just weeks before Congressional hearings are being drummed up?  Hmmm?


I'm working on another post regarding conflicts of interest and such, and this came up on the background gathering.  A number of journals are adopting "noble" policies of no longer accepting industry funded studies.

Mind you, many of these same journals appear to have no qualms publishing the works of individuals with clear biases and conflicts.

I think this hard line on industry funding is wrong-headed.  Not that I'm a huge fan of many industry funded studies per se, but please read on.

If "industry" is not funding, then who is?  The government via NIH, NIDDK, etc.?   Some states have research funding initiatives.   Is any presumption of objectivity in funding disbursal even possible here??   I don't think so.  Indeed in many areas of science, government funding carries with it as much baggage as a dollar from Big Food, Big Pharma and Big Agra combined.

Saturday, September 26, 2015

Nina Teicholz & The Big Fat Surprise ~ Fact Check & Review

Just a listing of all posts with significant content related directly to her writing or other statements.  It is my hope that I can add small descriptions of each post, but I wanted to put relevant links in one place so as to be able to link to it in the petition I am setting up for the recent BMJ article.  

Nina Tei¢holz, Shai'ster Series:  Posts discussing Teicholz's downplaying of other research while holding the 2008 Israeli DIRECT study led by Shai as a definitive work establishing the superiority of high fat diets.

Friday, September 25, 2015

Nina Teicholz Reports in the British Medical Journal ~ The Conflicts & Funding

Summary of Open Questions for The BMJ & Nina Teicholz:

  1. What was the grant amount from the Laura and John Arnold Foundation associated with this article?  Where is this listed on the LJAF website?
  2. What is the Nutrition Coalition?  Please provide website URL, official title and documentation of the "non-profit" status of this entity.  Is it an official 501c3?  
  3. Why did it take 10 years to write and publish The Big Fat Surprise?   In other words, how did taking that project off the shelf come about?  
  4. What is meant by "modest honorariums"?  What would be the total from one of these interests listed -- the meat industry -- for the past 5 years?  Be sure to include the figures for being General Session Speaker on Feb 22, 2015 at the American Meat (Institute) Conference, and leading the American Meat Science Association's Diet and Health Session at the 68th Annual Reciprocal Meat Conference on June 17, 2015.   
  5. Can The BMJ officially review and fact check The Big Fat Surprise?
  6. When will The BMJ be commissioning an objective journalist to look into ALL SIDES (including the money trails) of the controversies surrounding the DGAC and Dietary Guidelines?  
That last one is rhetorical, as to do so would require investigating itself and its own part in the circus of one-sided coverage to date, but I put it out there anyway.


Yet another assault on science is underway.  This time in the once prestigious British Medical Journal, or just The BMJ.

Nina Teicholz reports??

OK ... let's begin there.  The British Medical Journal group has so seriously lowered its standards and diminished its credibility in recent years that I'm not even sure this is worth mentioning anymore.  But mention I will.  Since when do we have "local news at 10" style coverage in a peer-reviewed medical journal?  It is one thing for an utterly unqualified person to masquerade as a "science journalist", write a book like The Big Fat Surprise  (a complete abomination), receive uncritical praise and publicity on just about every major news outlet.  It was bad enough it received a favorable review by the former editor of The BMJ!  But it's quite another for that person to get ink -- Feature! -- in the "real" BMJ.  Yet here we are.
The expert report underpinning the next set of US Dietary Guidelines for Americans fails to reflect much relevant scientific literature in its reviews of crucial topics and therefore risks giving a misleading picture, an investigation by The BMJ has found. The omissions seem to suggest a reluctance by the committee behind the report to consider any evidence that contradicts the last 35 years of nutritional advice.
What investigation?  This is confusing.  Nina Teicholz reports.  Is this her investigation then?  Or one done by the BMJ editorial staff?  It seems they commissioned her to do this "investigation".  There's nothing new here from Teicholz.  Just a little different twist and the undeserved credence of being a feature in The BMJ.
Provenance and peer review: Commissioned; externally peer reviewed and fact checked.
They say the article is fact checked.  I haven't seen any of her usual glaring inconsistencies, like claims that we have cut fat from 43% to 33%, but the facts hardly seem to be the biggest issue here anymore.   Sadly there's no "cross fact checking" possible between what someone writes in a peer-review journal and what is loosely described as "research" in a mass media book so riddled with error it might actually be rejected by today's BMJ.  Well ... one could hope were it seriously reviewed and fact checked  ...

It seems that The BMJ has long ago traded interest in substance and science for sensationalism and $s.  In 2013 it started the pay-to-play Open Heart journal, with a questionable editorial board if ever there was one.  Every sensationalistic headline at BMJ-OH has been accompanied by an article in Time Magazine.  One could say Time is merely an extension of the journal's publicity office.   It's even an advertised perk to sell bytes to those seeking "peer reviewed" fame.  Of course articles in The BMJ proper also make the Time rounds and have made stars out of otherwise unremarkable folks like Aseem Malhotra.   Here's the one for this current article in The BMJ :

   The Disclosures are Interesting   

Competing interests:

I [Nina Teicholz] have read and understood BMJ policy on declaration of interests and declare that I am the author of The Big Fat Surprise (Simon & Schuster, 2014), on the history, science, and politics of dietary fat recommendations. I have received modest honorariums for presenting my research findings presented in the book to a variety of groups related to the medical, restaurant, financial, meat, and dairy industries.

The BMJ and other journals have made quite a big tadoo over "industry funding" in recent years.  The tobacco industry, the drug industry, the various and sundry food industries ... But the slam has been mostly against the sugar and grain industries in recent years, with some less fervent flack for the veggie oil people mostly surrounding trans fats.   And yet as I've highlighted here before (see for example here), the meat (mostly beef) industry is heavily involved in nutrition research.  This gets a pass?  Teicholz's biggest "beef" with the DGAC is the "deletion" of even lean meats (blog post with more links) from the lists of suggested healthy foods.  

As indicated in my prefacing questionnaire, Nina Teicholz is big in the meat industry.  It may be that a single honorarium or perks in the travel expenses doesn't amount to much.  We can even leave out the intangibles such as the impact on book sales from the exposure and honor of speaking engagements.  But how much was the honorarium for her to speak to the American Meat Institute contingency just this past February?  

{highlighting mine}

Did she take breaks from writing this current article to prepare and deliver her speech at the 68th Annual Reciprocal Meat Conference in June?  This one is more telling.

{highlighting and pointy fingers mine}

First on the AMSA news is:
Nina Teicholz and Mary Ann Binnie to Lead the AMSA Diet and Health Session at RMC
Now look at the highlighted text in my image:
AMSA is excited to announce that Nina Teicholz and Mary Ann Binnie will engage attendees in an in-depth discussion on Diet and Health at the AMSA 68th Reciprocal Meat Conference (RMC). Come to this session on June 17th in Lincoln, Nebraska to gain the tools to intellectually and scientifically defend meat.
I would say that if this doesn't flat out violate the Competing Interests disclosure -- she's giving tips on meat advocacy -- then it sure as heck violates the spirit of the practice.   As this is being sold to the readers as some sort of "BMJ investigation" it truly draws the objectivity of that journal into serious question.

Do take note of all the sponsors of AMSA.

If there is any doubt as to the content of her talk, there needn't be.  This is because AMSA was so kind as to put the slides online at!  

You tell me, does her disclosure of "modest honorariums" from the meat industry really cover this level of involvement?   I certainly don't think so.  This section is concluded with the following:
I am also a board member of a non-profit organization, the Nutrition Coalition, dedicated to ensuring that nutrition policy is based on rigorous science.
OK.  I looked up Nutrition Coalition.  No such entity exists.  The only organization by that name is a for-profit supplement company.  I am, however, aware of another "coalition" that exists specifically to get the Dietary Guidelines abolished:  The Healthy Nation Coalition headed up by Adele Hite (who was ousted from her PhD program in nutrition).  On the whole, I have no idea what to make of Marion Nestle, but she sure nails HNC right on the head!  If nothing else, the comments are amusing, but this from Nestle's article is interesting:
A sense of community has arisen around questioning our current approach to food and nutrition. Healthy Nation Coalition has its beginnings in the ancestral health, Weston A. Price Foundation, and low-carbohydrate nutrition communities.
Dr. James Carlson
from this blog post with info
There's nothing on the current website about this, but I'm sure if it had been misquoted by Nestle, Hite herself would have objected in comments.  She does claim that the organization has no official "roots", and is responded to with a link to the page specifying where Nestle's quote originated in third paragraph below the graph.  Apparently the website was edited.  That's kinda funny considering that Dr. Robert "Carbs Can Kill" Su is still on the advisory board, though he died almost two years now.   (James Carlson who is also on that board is another dubious advisor).   It bears mentioning that I do not see Nina Teicholz listed.

I wrote rather extensively about Hite & Economists' (ahem) most recent contribution to the "science" here:  Zoe Harcombe and Adele Hite's Hyper-System(at)ic Meta-Statistical Bovine Fecalemia.  Both subjects of that post are highly relevant to Teicholz's screaming bias here.  Hite's article mentions Teicholz in an Acknowledgement for her "support and editorial contributions".  So presuming that the Nutrition Coalition is indeed Hite's Healthy Nation Coalition seems logical.   This raises other questions, but foremost being the tax and mission status of this organization.   I've seen it designated -- including by Teicholz -- as a non-profit.  But not making money does not a non-profit make.  I don't find the 501c3 designation anywhere on HNC's website and I'm having difficulty identifying a snail mail address for the state in which this organization might at least be designated as a nonprofit.   The usual sites like Guidestar don't list any such entity, nor for that matter does "Nutrition Coalition" turn up anything likely in the four related hits with that phrase in the charity name.  

Why am I harping on this?  Well, what is the purpose of these disclosures?  Presumably to put your cards on the table.  What THIS disclosure demonstrates is that The BMJ doesn't really check these for accuracy (let alone completeness).  If they had, they would have discovered, as I did, that no "Nutrition Coalition" exists.  And has they followed up on that they would have discovered that the organization most likely to be the one Nina refers to has a mission.  A singular mission.  To get rid of the US Dietary Guidelines and whatever detriment, real or perceived, they have had on industries with which Teicholz is closely affiliated.

Is the COI That Important??

In a word.  YES.   I'm not going to go into the content of Teicholz's article in this post, except on this point.  She writes:

Much has been written about how industries try to influence nutrition policy, so it is surprising that unlike authors in most major medical journals, guideline committee members are not required to list their potential conflicts of interest. A cursory investigation shows several such possible conflicts: one member has received research funding from the California Walnut Commission[61] and the Tree Nut Council,[62] as well as vegetable oil giants Bunge and Unilever.[63 64] Another has received more than $10,000 (£6400; €8800) from Lluminari, which produces health related multimedia content for General Mills, PepsiCo, Stonyfield Farm, Newman’s Own, and “other companies.”[65]
61 Kris-Etherton PM, Hu FB, Ros E, Sabaté J. The role of tree nuts and peanuts in the prevention of coronary heart disease: multiple potential mechanisms. J Nutr 2008;138:1746-51S.
62 Bao Y, Han J, Hu FB, et al. Association of nut consumption with total and cause-specific mortality. N Engl J Med 2013;369:2001-11.
63 Shi Y, Hu FB. The global implications of diabetes and cancer. Lancet 2014;383:1947-8.
64 Mozaffarian D, Hao T, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Hu FB. Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men. N Engl J Med 2011;364:2392-404.
65 Herman J. Saving US dietary advice from conflicts of interest. Food Drug Law J 2010;65:285-316. 

I can assure you that my own investigation here is not all that much more than "cursory" in nature.  In other words, I did nothing more than rely on a few Google searches here and public documents.  Easily found at that.  Teicholz compiled data from at least one article that is behind a paywall as is #65 above.  Based on the authors of references 61-64, I presume the first member with evil ties is Harvard School of Public Health's Frank Hu.  This may well be fair enough, but guess who Hu works with?   A not inconspicuous name in Dariush Mozaffarian.  Ahhhh.  He's been in the news lately.  I blogged about it in response to his (and NuSI inextricably linked David Ludwig) absurdities in JAMA and the NYT recently:  Let's Do Away With The Dietary Guidelines.  If you are new to this blog, or the kind of real information I provide that goes beyond just the science, but includes relevant facts nonetheless, I strongly encourage you to read that post before proceeding further.   If nothing else, use your browser search to find the part about Bunge.

That post was inspired by this article by Mozaffarian and Ludwig in JAMA:  The 2015 US Dietary Guidelines: Lifting the Ban on Total Dietary Fat.  It was followed up on by an equally ridiculous article in JAMA's news mouthpiece, The New York Times.  There was nothing about the glories of eating butter and bacon in those articles, just some ridiculous notion that we're restrained from eating nuts and veggie oils because of 30% fat (which is NOT low).   They're all tainted!  Except get a load of this Nina Teicholz post on Facebook:

Of course no Teicholz discussion is complete without her bragging on herself, so let's look at the more damning comments there.  Larry's is what every #LCHFer is thinking.

This is great.  ~ Nina Teicholz

Well, perhaps she missed Mozaffarian's Bunge problem.  Last comment:

So just realize, conflicts of interest only pertain to DGAC members, not to those who are somewhat on the "same side", and certainly not to Nina herself!   The BMJ article continues:
And for the first time, the committee chair comes not from a university but from industry: Barbara Millen is president of Millennium Prevention, a company based in Westwood, MA, that sells web based platforms and mobile applications for self health monitoring. While there is no evidence that these potential conflicts of interest influenced the committee members, the report recommends a high consumption of vegetable oils and nuts as well as use of self monitoring technologies in programs for weight management.
Yeah, well 2015 also saw, for the first time, some article on the Dietary Guidelines authored by a bunch of economists with even less relevant background than Teicholz herself, and an ousted nutrition PhD student.    Enough already.   

Speaking of financial interests ....


This article was fully funded with a grant from the Laura and John Arnold Foundation (  The analysis was conducted independently, and the report reflects the views of the author and not necessarily those of the foundation.

Well this is interesting.  For those who are unaware, LJAF is the sole major contributor to -- and provided the seed money for -- Gary Taubes and Peter Attia's NuSI (Nutrition Science Initiative) organization.  For what it's worth, NuSI is actually a bona fide 501c3, but in the 2012 and 2013 tax years alone, these two pocketed over $1 million in salaries and bonuses alone -- 2014 numbers are eagerly awaited!  LJAF has committed to donate roughly $45 million to the "cause".   

There's nothing outdated about the website here, some small grants to rather obscure organizations are listed, and the search appears to work just fine. I find nothing for Nina Teicholz.  

Nothing for BMJ except ... 

(and some irrelevant organ donation thing)    Ahh Ben Goldacre.  I suppose BMJ came up in the search because he is an editor of their pay-to-publish paragon of pontification, Open Heart.   Goldacre's reputation and his contributions to that journal just don't square.  But this strays from the topic at hand. 

Bottom line:  There is no record of a direct grant to The BMJ or Nina Teicholz (or any Nutrition Coalition) for any investigation of the science behind the Dietary Guidelines or the Committee responsible.

Perhaps this needs updating.  Usually grants for research, etc. are listed somewhere, including the amounts.  Perhaps this is just an oversight?  I have used the LJAF contact page to request this information formally, but as of this writing have not received a response.  Unfortunately there does not appear to be any auto-confirmation of the contact either, so I have no idea if/when I will receive any response.  I dare not openly speculate at this point, but you probably know what I'm thinking ...

It seems clear at this point that LJAF is a "partisan" organization in the nutrition game.   If LJAF was interested in an objective investigation, there are certainly other science journalists they could have commissioned.  There is no doubt that somewhere Gary Taubes figures into the networking here (or maybe they can say it was just Peter Attia).   The Taubes-Teicholz relationship goes quite a ways back.  She did manuscript review for him for Good Calories Bad Calories, he returned the favor for The Big Fat Surprise.  

In Summary:

This just stinks.  I am in the process of writing up an online petition to the editors of The BMJ.  I'll edit in a link and splash it all over social media when I do.  Will you help me?  Share, share, share.  I'll go on any podcast about this.  It is important.  Here are the contacts I will be addressing:

Fiona Godlee, Editor in chief:
Rebecca Coombes, Head of investigations and features:

There is no need to wait for the petition or me to do anything.  I hope to have that together shortly and I hope you'll help with that as well.  It is time for The BMJ to contribute constructively to the dialogue about nutrition and health.  A good first step will be to retract the Teicholz article in their journal.  I would suggest that an investigation into the writing of The Big Fat Surprise.  It would be of more use to a confused public.   And while we're at it, instead of fact checking editorials, how about fact checking that book?  THAT would be a true service to humanity as a whole.  I know several people who could contribute to such a fact checking exercise.  We're many months and bounds ahead of the game.

Sunday, September 20, 2015

Ketones for Ketone's Sake?

Minor Update:  Sorry, sometimes I hit Publish instead of Close when I'm in a rush and want to make sure I have most recent version saved.  I had intended to include this video -- Instant Ketosis -- along with this "report" on the MLM angle in my post -- Pruvit Review – Another Ketones Based MLM Company?   My first thought from that title is a question:  "There are others?"  The tagline on this article reads:
Will Pruvit's core products and MLM-modeled opportunity have what it takes to make it in the ketones health space? Let's prove it one way or another for you.

I want to also make very clear that I am NOT encouraging anyone to get into this or any other MLM -- matters not the code words used to sell something.  Indeed I warn strongly against such.  If you search on MLM truth, or MLM scams, or MLM fraud, or any number of short phrases, you'll hit on ... well hits too numerous to count.  Here's one I suggest: 5 Step Eval

Furthermore, if you're still tempted by any MLM pitch, look into the people behind the MLM.  Chances are you'll find they were involved in previous MLMs and often in very diverse fields.   For example, Logan Stout -- who heads up the "paleo" (as in Paleo f(x) Norrises and others) MLM IDLife -- has a long list of Ponzi schemes to his credit, and his most recent before IDLife was an energy company.

My reason for mentioning this is that it seems as if "exogenous ketones" has skipped even the "infomercial miracle" route and gone straight to the MLMs.   This does not engender faith that the product is solid, because MLMs are not about selling product.

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Put Away the Cauliflower! Oatmeal is Paleo!!

Forget the fauxtmeal and n'oatmeal.  For crying out loud, if you like cauliflower (as I do) then eat it ... but it is just NOT a breakfast "cereal". 

With this ridiculousness in mind, embrace the latest news from serious anthropological research.  

A few media mentions:

NPR: Paleo People Were Making Flour 32,000 Years Ago

Science (AAAS):  The world’s oldest oatmeal?

IFL Science:  Ancient People Ate Porridge 32,000 Years Ago

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Livin' La Vida No Food?

If you interact with me at all on social media ... or if you just keep your eye on that Twitter feed over there on the right ... you're probably aware by now that Jimmy Moore is fasting.  Today would be Day 9, I think ....

But first, a little intro from a podcast interview with Abel James -- aka the Fat Burning Man -- taped either shortly before or a day or so into the fast.

Thursday, September 3, 2015

SysteMeta-Antics in the Paleo Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis

This was intended to be a targeted post on one specific issue pertaining to the recent AJCN study and the actions of some of the study authors involved.   Not sure I succeeded ;-)

When I wrote my first post on the topic, I had not read the full text of the study.  Instead I compiled a table of characteristics for the four individual studies involved, and concluded that no meta-analysis was appropriate for such disparate studies.  That initial "analysis" holds despite the table containing a few errors.

After being called "unscientific" by author Esther van Zuuren on Twitter, I obtained a copy of the full text and read it.  Additional information contained in the full text makes matters worse, not better, on virtually every point I made in my original post.  So I am working on a letter to the AJCN and in doing so am working on an expanded and more accurate version of the summary table.  During this process I sought to check values published in the original studies against those used in the Manheimer analysis.  The original focus was on the statistical significance and variation.  But along the way I found myself unable to reconcile some values and the reason is because they didn't all come from the original publications.  This important piece of information is not mentioned anywhere in the full text of Manheimer.  As I said.  Worse, not better.

Sunday, August 30, 2015

Is Gary Taubes Trying To Rescue His Legacy?

It seems to me that enough folks, including Kevin Hall PhD himself, have weighed in on the specifics of his recent LC  more [body] fat burning smack down metabolic ward study that I didn't have the need to.  I do, however, have a bit of a retrospective look at things in the works.   

But Gary Taubes has seen fit to respond in the New York Times, in most ridiculous fashion:  Diet Advice that Ignores Hunger.   First of all, Gary Taubes is no young whippersnapper, in fact he's a bit older than me.  I remind folks of this not to pick on his age, but to put some context to how ridiculous this notion that hunger on extreme diets has been ignored.  Does he not recall the widespread use of amphetamines and their OTC counterparts in the form of Dexatrim and such?   Seriously ... diet pills to curb hunger have always been around, they've just fallen a bit out of favor due to the inefficacy of most.   

If you really want a flashback laugh, go take a gander at this post:  Gary Taubes' Diet Doctor.   **Seriously funny stuff there** Screenshot of current URL.