Interval Training and Fat Loss

The effects of high-intensity intermittent exercise training on fat loss and fasting insulin levels of young women.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a 15-week high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) program on subcutaneous and trunk fat and insulin resistance of young women. 
DESIGN AND PROCEDURES: Subjects were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: HIIE (n=15), steady-state exercise (SSE; n=15) or control (CONT; n=15). HIIE and SSE groups underwent a 15-week exercise intervention. 
SUBJECTS: Forty-five women with a mean BMI of 23.2+/-2.0 kg m(-2) and age of 20.2+/-2.0 years. 
RESULTS: Both exercise groups demonstrated a significant improvement (P<0.05) in cardiovascular fitness. However, only the HIIE group had a significant reduction in total body mass (TBM), fat mass (FM), trunk fat and fasting plasma insulin levels. There was significant fat loss (P<0.05) in legs compared to arms in the HIIE group only. Lean compared to overweight women lost less fat after HIIE. Decreases in leptin concentrations were negatively correlated with increases in VO(2peak) (r=-0.57, P<0.05) and positively correlated with decreases in TBM (r=0.47; P<0.0001). There was no significant change in adiponectin levels after training. 
CONCLUSIONS: HIIE three times per week for 15 weeks compared to the same frequency of SSE exercise was associated with significant reductions in total body fat, subcutaneous leg and trunk fat, and insulin resistance in young women.
I do not have access to the full text on this one.  It would be interesting to see the caloric expenditure for the two exercise groups.  I think this is the study often referred to regarding superiority of interval training.  The energy expenditure remained elevated for a considerable time after the exercise.


Fiona Hair said…
I have access, but don't have time to look at it this morning... Energy expenditure doesn't look to be significantly different. But, diet wasn't controlled for with subjects eating their "normal" diet with a 3 day inventory given to the researchers at the end of the 15 weeks...
carbsane said…
Wow this is an old post!! :-)

I just did a Scholar search and it's available free for anyone. Looks like a few other things are available too.